Gender Lens on Poverty Primer - Page 6

 References

 

A Better Balance. “Paid Sick Time for New York City.” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.abetterbalance.org/web/ourissues/sickleave

Abramovitz, Mimi. Faculty Biography. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.hunter.cuny.edu/socwork/faculty/abramovitz.html

Abramovitz, Mimi. Regulating the Lives of Women: Social Welfare Policy from Colonial Times to the Present (1999). Accessed December 19, 2013.  http://www.questia.com/library/7818505/regulating-the-lives-of-women-social-welfare-policy

Abramovitz, Mimi. “Workfare and the Non-Profits: Myths and Realities.” December 1997. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.sullivan-county.com/id2/workfare_myth.htm

Autor, David. “The Polarization of Job Opportunities in the U.S. Labor Market: Implications for Employment and Earnings.” Community Investments 23 (2011): 11-41. Accessed December 19, 2013.  http://www.frbsf.org/community-development/files/CI_IncomeInequality_Autor.pdf 

American Association of University Women. “The Simple Truth about the Gender Pay Gap (Fall 2013).” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.aauw.org/research/the-simple-truth-about-the-gender-pay-gap/ 

Barbaro, Michael and David W. Chen. “De Blasio Is Elected New York City Mayor in Landslide.” New York Times, November 5, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/06/nyregion/de-blasio-is-elected-new-york-city-mayor.html?_r=1& 

Barnard Center for Research on Women. “Gender, Justice, and Neoliberal Transformations.” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://sfonline.barnard.edu/gender-justice-and-neoliberal-transformations/what-is-neoliberalism/

Barnard Center for Research on Women. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://bcrw.barnard.edu/

Bass, Frank and Dakin Campbell. “Bank Branches Disappear From Poor Neighborhoods Like Longwood, Bronx.” Bloomberg Businessweek, May 9, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.businessweek.com/articles/2013-05-09/bank-branches-disappear-from-poor-neighborhoods-like-longwood-bronx

Ben-Shalom, Yonatan, Robert A. Moffitt, and John Karl Scholz. “An Assessment of the Effectiveness of Anti-Poverty Programs in the United States.” National Bureau of Economic Research, May 2011. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.nber.org/papers/w17042

Blake, John. “Return of the ‘Welfare Queen’.” CNN, January 23, 2012. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.cnn.com/2012/01/23/politics/weflare-queen/

Boushey, Heather. “The Role of the Government in Work-Family Conflict.” Future Child 21 (2011): 163-190. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22013633  

Brady, David and Rebekah Burroway. “Targeting, Universalism, and Single-Mother Poverty: A Multilevel Analysis Across 18 Affluent Democracies.” Demography, May 2012. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://connection.ebscohost.com/c/articles/74088942/targeting-universalism-single-mother-poverty-multilevel-analysis-across-18-affluent-democracies

Brookings Institute. “Commuting to Opportunity: The Working Poor and Commuting in the United States.” February, 2008. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/research/files/reports/2008/3/14%20transportation%20puentes/0314_transportation_puentes.pdf

Brown, DeNeen. “The High Cost of Poverty: Why the Poor Pay More.” Washington Post, May 18, 2009. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/05/17/AR2009051702053.html

Business for a Fair Minimum Wage. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.businessforafairminimumwage.org/

Cassidy, John. “American Inequality in Six Charts.” New Yorker, November 18, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.newyorker.com/online/blogs/johncassidy/2013/11/inequality-and-growth-what-do-we-know.html

Carpenter, Zoe. “Government Shutdown Will Hit Federal Workers, Poor Americans.” The Nation, September 30, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.thenation.com/blog/176427/government-shutdown-will-hit-federal-workers-poor-americans# 

Cauthen, Nancy K. and Sarah Fass. “Measuring Poverty in the United States.” National Center for Children in Poverty, June 2008. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.nccp.org/publications/pub_825.html 

Center for American Progress. “No Place Like Home: Addressing Poverty and Homelessness in the United States.” December 5, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.americanprogress.org/issues/poverty/report/2013/12/05/80220/no-place-like-home/ 

Center for American Progress. “The State of Women in America: A 50-State Analysis of How Women Are Faring Across the Nation.” September, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.americanprogress.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/StateOfWomen-4.pdf

Center for American Progress and The Hamilton Project. “The Polarization of Job Opportunities in the U.S. Labor Market: Implications for Employment and Earnings.” April, 2010. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://economics.mit.edu/files/5554 

Center for American Progress and Work-Life Law. “The Three Faces of Work-Family Conflict: The Poor, the Professionals, and the Missing Middle.” January, 2010. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.americanprogress.org/wp-content/uploads/issues/2010/01/pdf/threefaces.pdf

Center for Budget and Policy Priorities. “Introduction to Unemployment Insurance.” February 6, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.cbpp.org/cms/index.cfm?fa=view&id=1466

Center for Budget and Policy Priorities. "Chart Book: Federal Housing Spending is Poorly Matched to Need." December 18, 2013. Accessed January 3, 2014. http://www.cbpp.org/cms/?fa=view&id=4067

Center for Budget and Policy Priorities. “Policy Basics: Introduction to the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP).” March 28, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.cbpp.org/cms/index.cfm?fa=view&id=2226

Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. “Policy Basics: The Housing Choice Voucher Program.” January 25, 2013. Accessed January 3, 2014. http://www.cbpp.org/cms/?fa=view&id=279

Center for Budget and Policy Priorities. “Policy Basics: Top Earned Income Tax Credit.” February 1, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.cbpp.org/cms/?fa=view&id=2505  

Center for Budget and Policy Priorities. “Policy Basics: Top Ten Facts about Social Security.” November 6, 2012. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.cbpp.org/cms/index.cfm?fa=view&id=3261 

Center for Budget and Policy Priorities. “SNAP Benefits Will Be Cut for All Participants in November 2013.” August 2, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.cbpp.org/cms/?fa=view&id=3899 

Center for Budget and Policy Priorities. “Social Security Keeps 21 Million Americans Out of Poverty: A State-by-State Analysis.” October 16, 2012. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.cbpp.org/cms/index.cfm?fa=view&id=3851

Center for Budget and Policy Priorities. “Various Support for Low-Income Families Reduce Poverty and Have Long-Term Positive Effects on Families and Children.” July 30, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.cbpp.org/cms/?fa=view&id=3997

Center for Budget and Policy Priorities. “Where Do Our Federal Tax Dollars Go?” April 12, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.cbpp.org/files/4-14-08tax.pdf

Center for Law and Social Policy. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.clasp.org/

Child Care Aware of America. “Parents and the High Cost of Child Care 2012 Report.” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.naccrra.org/sites/default/files/default_site_pages/2012/cost_report_2012_final_081012_0.pdf

Coalition on Human Needs. “Impacts of Sequestration and Federal Shutdown.” March 15, 2013.  Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.chn.org/background/save-state-fact-sheets/  

Cohen, Philip N. “To Prevent Poverty, Reduce the Penalty for Single-Motherhood.” December 2, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.spotlightonpoverty.org/ExclusiveCommentary.aspx?id=8d6e17f0-1a76-4a00-91d6-e81e56cf490d  

Congressional Research Service. “Inflation and the Real Minimum Wage: A Fact Sheet.” September 12, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R42973.pdf 

Congressional Research Service. “Poverty in the United States: 2012.” November 13, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/RL33069.pdf

Cooke, Kristina, David Rohde, and Ryan McNeill. “The Unequal State of America: A Reuter Series.” Reuters, December 20, 2012.  http://www.reuters.com/subjects/income-inequality/indiana

CorpWatch. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.corpwatch.org/

CorpWatch. “What is Neoliberalism: A Brief Definition for Activists.” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.corpwatch.org/article.php?id=376 

Clinton, William J. “The New Covenant: Responsibility and Rebuilding the American Community.” October 23, 1991. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.dlc.org/ndol_ci4c81.html?kaid=127&subid=173&contentid=2783

Dikert, Neal. “Enrollment of Economically Disadvantaged Participants in Clinical Research.” Virtual Mentor  11 (2009): 54-60. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://virtualmentor.ama-assn.org/2009/01/pfor1-0901.html 

Demos. “Why Payday Lending is Still Thriving.” February 26, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.demos.org/blog/why-payday-lending-still-thriving 

Demos and U.S. PIRG Education Fund. “Billion-Dollar Democracy: The Unprecedented Role of Money in the 2012 Elections.” January 17, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.demos.org/publication/billion-dollar-democracy-unprecedented-role-money-2012-elections  

Dickens, William T. and Kevin Lang. “Labor Market Segmentation Theory: Reconsidering the Evidence.” National Bureau of Economic Research, June 1992. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.nber.org/papers/w4087 

Dixon, John. “On Being Poor-by-Choice: A Philosophical Critique of the Neoliberal Poverty Perspective.” Poverty & Public Policy 4 (2012): 1-19. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1515/1944-2858.1200/abstract

Eastman, Jason. “Politics, Discourse, and the Real Tax Rate on the Rich and Poor.” February 15, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://thesocietypages.org/socimages/2013/02/15/politics-discourse-and-the-real-tax-rate-on-the-rich-and-poor/

Economic Hardship Reporting Project. “Nearly Half in Poverty in the U.S. Live in Deep Poverty.” September 20, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://economichardship.org/nearly-half-poverty-u-s-live-deep-poverty/ 

Economic Policy Institute. “CEO Pay in 2012 Was Extraordinarily High Relative to Typical Workers and Other High Earners.” June 26, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.epi.org/publication/ceo-pay-2012-extraordinarily-high/  

Economic Policy Institute. “The Future of Work: Trends and Challenges for Low-Wage Workers.” April 27, 2012. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.epi.org/publication/bp341-future-of-work/

Economic Policy Institute. The State of Working America. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.stateofworkingamerica.org/

Economic Policy Institute. “The State of Working America: Poverty.” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://stateofworkingamerica.org/fact-sheets/poverty/

Economic Policy Institute. “The State of Working America: Chapter 7 Poverty.” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.stateofworkingamerica.org/files/book/Chapter7-Poverty.pdf

Economic Policy Institute. “The State of Working America: Poverty and Twice-Poverty Rates, 1959-2011.” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://stateofworkingamerica.org/chart/swa-poverty-figure-7a-poverty-poverty-rates/  

Economic Policy Institute. “The State of Working America: Social Expenditure and Relative Poverty Rates in Selected OECD Countries, Late 2000s.” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.stateofworkingamerica.org/chart/swa-poverty-figure-7aa-social-expenditure/

Economic Policy Institute. “U.S. Poverty Rates Higher, Safety Net Weaker Than in Peer Countries.” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.epi.org/publication/ib339-us-poverty-higher-safety-net-weaker/ 

Economic Policy Institute. “The State of Working America: Wages.” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://stateofworkingamerica.org/subjects/wages/?reader 

Elliott, Andrea. “Invisible Child.” New York Times, December 9, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.nytimes.com/projects/2013/invisible-child/#/?chapt=1

Elliott, Carl and Roberto Abadie. “Exploiting a Research Underclass in Phase I Clinical Trials.” New England Journal of Medicine 358 (2008): 2316-2317. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMp0801872 

Flores, Luis. “Redefining the Deserving Poor.” November 7, 2012. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://bpr.berkeley.edu/2012/11/redefining-the-deserving-poor/

Forbes. “CEO Compensation: #46 Michael T Duke.” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.forbes.com/lists/2012/12/ceo-compensation-12_Michael-T-Duke_40MH.html

Gans, Herbert J. “The Positive Functions of Poverty.” American Journal of Sociology 78 (1972): 275-289. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://jthomasniu.org/class/Stuff/PDF/ganspov1.pdf 

Gans, Herbert J. The War Against the Poor: The Underclass and Antipoverty Policy (1996). Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.questia.com/library/4012332/the-war-against-the-poor-the-underclass-and-antipoverty

Gilmam Jr., Franklin D. “The ‘Welfare Queen’ Experiment: How Viewers React to Images of African-American Mothers on Welfare.” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.nieman.harvard.edu/reportsitem.aspx?id=102223 

Gordon, Colin. “Growing Apart: A Political History of American Inequality.” 15 June 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://scalar.usc.edu/works/growing-apart-a-political-history-of-american-inequality/external?link=http%3A%2F%2Finequality.org%2F&prev=http%3A%2F%2Fscalar.usc.edu%2Fworks%2Fgrowing-apart-a-political-history-of-american-inequality%2Findex

Gorski, Paul. “Savage Unrealities: Uncovering Classism in Ruby Payne’s Framework.” September 23, 2005. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.edchange.org/publications/Savage_Unrealities.pdf

Gould, Elise. “Social Security is the Most Effective Anti-Poverty Program in the U.S. In One Chart.” July 20, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.epi.org/blog/social-security-effective-anti-poverty-program/

Green, Matthew. “Poverty Line Problems: The History of an Outdated Measurement (Infographic).” October 25, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://blogs.kqed.org/lowdown/poverty_line

Gustafson, Kaaryn. “Criminal Law: The Criminalization of Poverty.” Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 99 (2009): 643-716. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.law.northwestern.edu/journals/jclc/backissues/v99/n3/9903_643.Gustafson.pdf

Hacker, Jacob. “Winner-Take-All Politics: How Washington Made the Rich Richer—and Turned Its Back on the Middle Class.” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://politicalscience.yale.edu/publications/winner-take-all-politics-how-washington-made-rich-richer-and-turned-its-back-middle 

Hancock, Ange-Marie. The Politics of Disgust: The Public Identity of the Welfare Queen (2004). Accessed December 19, 2013. http://muse.jhu.edu/books/9780814744611/

Heggeness, Misty L. and Charles Hokayem. “Life on the Edge: Living Near Poverty in the United States, 1966-2011.” SEHSD Working Paper 2013-02, February 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. https://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/publications/WP2013-02.pdf 

Herrnstein, Richard J. and Charles Murray. Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life (1994). Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.amazon.com/Bell-Curve-Intelligence-Structure-Paperbacks/dp/0684824299 

Hoynes, Hilary W., Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach, and Douglas Almond. “Long Run Impacts of Childhood Access to the Safety Net.” March, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://gsppi.berkeley.edu/faculty/hhoynes/Hoynes-Schanzenbach-Almond-14.pdf

Hutchinson, Sikivu. “The ‘Return’ of the Welfare Queens: Feminism, Secularism, and Anti-Racism.” Humanist  (September/October 2012). Accessed December 19, 2013. http://buildingintentionalcommunities.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/Food_4_thought_The-Return-of-the-Welfare-Queens-Feminism-Secularism-and-Anti-Racism.pdf

Institute for Research on Poverty. “How is Poverty Measured in the United States?” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.irp.wisc.edu/faqs/faq2.htm

Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy. “Who Pays?: A Distributional Analysis of the Tax Systems in All 50 States.” January 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.itep.org/pdf/whopaysreport.pdf 

Institute for Women’s Policy Research. “Family Leave & Paid Sick Days.” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.iwpr.org/initiatives/family-leave-paid-sick-days

Institute for Women’s Policy Research. “Gender Poverty Gap Grows in Recovery: Men’s Poverty Dropped Since Recession, Women’s Poverty Stagnates.” September, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.iwpr.org/publications/pubs/gender-poverty-gap-grows-in-recovery-mens-poverty-dropped-since-recession-womens-poverty-stagnates  

Institute for Women’s Policy Research. “The Gender Wage Gap: 2012.” March, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.iwpr.org/publications/pubs/the-gender-wage-gap-2012 

Institute for Women’s Policy Research. “The Gender Wage Gap by Occupation (April 2011)." Accessed January 3, 2014 http://www.iwpr.org/publications/pubs/the-gender-wage-gap-by-occupation-updated-april-2011

International Monetary Fund. “Inequality and Unsustainable Growth: Two Sides of the Same Coin?” April 8, 2011. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/sdn/2011/sdn1108.pdf 

Isaacs, Julia B., Isabel V. Sawhill, and Ron Haskins. “Getting Ahead or Losing Ground: Economic Mobility in America.” Brookings Institute, February 2008. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.pewtrusts.org/uploadedFiles/wwwpewtrustsorg/Reports/Economic_Mobility/Economic_Mobility_in_America_Full.pdf

Jaffe, Sarah. “Trickle-Down Feminism,” Dissent (Winter 2013). Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.dissentmagazine.org/article/trickle-down-feminism

Jenson, Eric. “Teaching with Poverty in Mind: Chapter 1: Understanding the Nature of Poverty.” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.ascd.org/publications/books/109074/chapters/Understanding-the-Nature-of-Poverty.aspx

Johnson, Sharon. “Sequester Takes Devastating Toll on Low-Income Women.” July 11, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/07/11/sequester-low-income-women_n_3581158.html 

Katz, Michael B. In the Shadow of the Poorhouse: A Social History of Welfare in America (1996). Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.questia.com/library/722732/in-the-shadow-of-the-poorhouse-a-social-history-of 

Kim, Susanna. “McDonald’s Defends Telling Workers to ‘Quit Complaining’ to Reduce Stress.” November 21, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://abcnews.go.com/Business/mcdonalds-defends-employee-tips-deemed-offensive-clueless-advocacy/story?id=20954354 

Kuhn, Peter J. and Kailing Shen. “Gender Discrimination in Job Ads: Theory and Evidence.” National Bureau of Economic Research, September, 2011. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.nber.org/papers/w17453

Lee, Fang. “Missouri Lawmaker on Child Hunger: ‘Hunger Can Be a Positive Motivator.” June 21, 2009. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://thinkprogress.org/politics/2009/06/21/46862/cynthia-davis-hunger/# 

Luxembourg Income Study. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.lisdatacenter.org/news-and-events/highlights/

Madison, Lucy. “Santorum Targets Blacks in Entitlement Reform.” CBS News, January 3, 2012. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.cbsnews.com/news/santorum-targets-blacks-in-entitlement-reform/

Marchevsky, Alejandra and Jeanne Theoharis. “Welfare Reform, Globalization, and the Racialization of Entitlement.” Accessed December 19, 2013. https://journals.ku.edu/index.php/amerstud/article/viewFile/3110/3069

McCanne, Don. “Out-of-Pocket Medical Expenses Drive More Into Poverty.” November 8, 2011. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://pnhp.org/blog/2011/11/08/out-of-pocket-medical-expenses-drive-more-into-poverty/ 

McClelland, Mac. “I Was a Warehouse Wage Slave.” Mother Jones, March/April 2012. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2012/02/mac-mcclelland-free-online-shipping-warehouses-labor 

Mendoza, Ronald U. “Why Do the Poor Pay More? Exploring the Poverty Penalty Concept.” Journal of International Development 23 (2008): 1-28. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jid.1504/abstract

Miller Center. “American President: A Reference Resource.” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://millercenter.org/president/lbjohnson/essays/biography/4

Mosher, Janet and Joan Brockman. Constructing Crime: Contemporary Processes of Criminalization (2010). Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.ubcpress.ca/search/title_book.asp?BookID=299173071

Munger, Frank W. Faculty Biography. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.nyls.edu/faculty/faculty-profiles/faculty_profiles/frank_w_munger/

National Academy of Social Insurance. “What is Social Security?” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.nasi.org/learn/socialsecurity/overview 

National Alliance to End Homelessness. “The State of Homeless in America 2013.” April 8, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://b.3cdn.net/naeh/52d2c72cb276905d88_7gm6vi6ji.pdf 

National Coalition for the Homeless. “Why Are People Homeless?” July, 2009. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.nationalhomeless.org/factsheets/why.html

National Low Income Housing Coalition. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://nlihc.org/

National Low Income Housing Coalition. “Changing Priorities: The Federal Budget and Housing Assistance 1976-2005.” October, 2004. Accessed December 19, 2013.  http://nlihc.org/sites/default/files/cp04.pdf

National Low Income Housing Coalition. “Extreme Poverty on the Rise in the United States.” May 17, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://nlihc.org/article/extreme-poverty-rise-united-states 

National Low Income Housing Coalition. “Out of Reach 2012.” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://nlihc.org/oor/2012

National Low Income Housing Coalition. “Out of Reach 2012: U.S. Statistics Summary.” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://nlihc.org/sites/default/files/oor/2012-OOR-US-Statistics_0.pdf

National Partnership for Women and Families. “State Paid Family Leave Insurance Laws.” October 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.nationalpartnership.org/research-library/work-family/paid-leave/state-paid-family-leave-laws.pdf

National Poverty Center. “Extreme Poverty in the United States, 1996 to 2011.” Policy Brief #28 (2012). Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.npc.umich.edu/publications/policy_briefs/brief28/policybrief28.pdf

National Public Radio. “NPR-Kaiser Family Foundation-Kennedy School of Government Poverty Study.” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.npr.org/programs/specials/poll/poverty/poll.html 

National Women’s Law Center. “Insecure and Unequal: Poverty and Income Among Women and Families 2000-2012.” September 26, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.nwlc.org/sites/default/files/pdfs/final_2013_nwlc_povertyreport.pdf 

Neubeck, Kenneth J. and Noel A. Cazenave. Welfare Racism: Playing the Race Card Against America’s Poor (2001). Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.questia.com/library/102819770/welfare-racism-playing-the-race-card-against-america-s 

Olshansky, S. Jay et al. “Differences In Life Expectancy Due To Race And Educational Differences Are Widening, And Many May Not Catch Up.” Health Affairs  83 (2012): 1803-1813. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://content.healthaffairs.org/content/31/8/1803

Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development. “OECD Country Statistical Profile: United States.” Accessed December 19, 2013.  http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/economics/country-statistical-profile-united-states_20752288-table-usa

Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development. “Statistics: Social Expenditure – Aggregate data.” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx?QueryId=4549

Pager, Devah. “Discrimination in a Low-Wage Labor Market: A Field Experiment.” American Sociological Review 74 (2009): 777-799. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://asr.sagepub.com/content/74/5/777.short 

Palmero, Joseph. “The Reagan Centennial: Celebrating Reaganomics.” Huffington Post, February 6, 2011. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/joseph-a-palermo/the-reagan-centennial-cel_b_819163.html

Payne, Ruby K. A Framework for Understanding Poverty  (2005). Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.amazon.com/Framework-Understanding-Poverty-4th-Edition/dp/1929229488

Perkins, Olivera. “Is Walmart’s Request of Associates to Help Provide Thanksgiving Dinner for Co-Workers Proof of Low Wages?” The Plain Dealer, November 18, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013.  http://www.cleveland.com/business/index.ssf/2013/11/is_walmarts_request_of_associa.html

Pew Research Center. “U.S. Income Inequality, on Rise for Decades, Is Now Highest Since 1928.” December 5, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2013/12/05/u-s-income-inequality-on-rise-for-decades-is-now-highest-since-1928/

Pew Research Social and Demographic Trends. “On Pay Gap, Millennial Women Near Parity – For Now Despite Gains, Many See Roadblocks Ahead.” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.pewsocialtrends.org/2013/12/11/on-pay-gap-millennial-women-near-parity-for-now/

Pew Research Social and Demographic Trends. “Two Years of Economic Recovery: Women Lose Jobs, Men Find Them.” July 6, 2011. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.pewsocialtrends.org/2011/07/06/two-years-of-economic-recovery-women-lose-jobs-men-find-them/

Potts, Monica. “What’s Killing Poor White Women?” The American Prospect, September 3, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://prospect.org/article/whats-killing-poor-white-women

Prante, Gerald. “A Distributional Analysis of Fiscal Policies in the United States, 2000-2012.” Accessed January 3, 2014.                   http://taxfoundation.org/sites/taxfoundation.org/files/docs/wp9_sr211_Redistribution_Working_Paper_2013.pdf

Pyke, Alan. “Huge Spike in Poverty Among Elderly Women Catches Analysts by Surprise.” Think Progress, October 27, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://thinkprogress.org/economy/2013/09/27/2695071/huge-spike-in-poverty-among-elderly-women-catches-analysts-by-surprise/

Quigley, William P. “Five Hundred Years of English Poor Laws, 1349-1834: Regulating the Working and Nonworking Poor.” Akron Law Review  73 (1996): 73-128. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://heinonline.org/HOL/LandingPage?handle=hein.journals/aklr30&div=11&id=&page=

Raise the Minimum Wage. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.raisetheminimumwage.com/

Rank, Mark R. Faculty Biography. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://gwbweb.wustl.edu/FACULTY/FULLTIME/Pages/MarkRank.aspx

Rector, Robert and Rachel Sheffield. “Understanding Poverty in the United States: Surprising Facts about America’s Poor.” September 13, 2011. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2011/09/understanding-poverty-in-the-united-states-surprising-facts-about-americas-poor  

Reese, Ronnie. "Minority Testing Bias Persists." February, 21, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/ronnie-reese/test-bias-minorities_b_2734149.html  

Roberts, Dorothy. Killing the Black Body: Race, Reproduction, and the Meaning of Liberty (1998). Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.goodreads.com/book/show/229445.Killing_the_Black_Body

Royce, Edward. Poverty and Power: The Problem of Structural Inequality (2008). Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.amazon.com/Poverty-Power-Problem-Structural-Inequality/dp/0742564444

Roosevelt House. “Income Inequality Today: US and Global Aspects, a Conversation with Branko Milanovic and Janet Gornick, Moderated by William P. Kelly.” November 13 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.roosevelthouse.hunter.cuny.edu/events/income-inequality-today-us-global-aspects/

Rucker, Philip. “Romney Sees Choice Between ‘Entitlement Society’ and ‘Opportunity Society’.”  Washington Post, December 20, 2011. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/romney-sees-choice-between-entitlement-society-and-opportunity-society/2011/12/20/gIQAjXH57O_story.html

Rugaber, Christopher S. and Paul Wiseman. “Women Regain All the Jobs They Lost in Great Recession.” Denver Post, September 13, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.denverpost.com/business/ci_24083707/women-regain-all-jobs-they-lost-great-recession 

Saez, Emmanuel. “Striking it Richer: The Evolution of Top Incomes in the United States (Updated with 2012 Preliminary Estimates).” September 3, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://elsa.berkeley.edu/~saez/saez-UStopincomes-2012.pdf

Servon, Lisa J. “The High Cost, for the Poor, of Using a Bank.” New Yorker, October 10, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.newyorker.com/online/blogs/currency/2013/10/the-high-cost-for-the-poor-of-using-a-bank.html 

Shriver Center. “Raising the Minimum Wage is a Women’s Issue: Support Senate Bill 1565.” March 2, 2012. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.theshriverbrief.org/2012/03/articles/womens-law-and-policy/raising-the-minimum-wage-is-a-womens-issue-support-senate-bill-1565/ 

Shrurer, Eric. “Wisdom About Government Fraud: Entitlement programs, from food stamps to Medicare, don't see unusually high cheating rates—and the culprits are usually managers and executives, not ‘welfare queens.’” The Atlantic, August 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2013/08/just-how-wrong-is-conventional-wisdom-about-government-fraud/278690/

Synder, Lori Anderson, Jennifer S. Carmichael, Lauren V. Blackwell, Jeanette N. Cleveland, and George C. Thornton III. “Perception of Discrimination and Justice Among Employees with Disabilities.” Employee Responsibilities and Rights Journal 22 (2010): 5-19. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10672-009-9107-5  

Soss, Joe and Lawrence R. Jacobs. “The Place of Inequality: Non-Participation in the American Polity.” Political Science Quarterly 124 (2009): 95-126. Accessed December 19, 2013. https://netfiles.umn.edu/users/jbsoss/www/Place-of-Inequality-PSQ.pdf  

Stern, Mark J. and June J. Axinn. Social Welfare: A History of the American Response to Need (2012). Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.pearsonhighered.com/product?ISBN=0205001912

U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. “Table B-8. Average Hourly and Weekly Earnings of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees on Private Nonfarm Payrolls by Industry Sector, Seasonally Adjusted (1). Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.bls.gov/news.release/empsit.t24.htm 

U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. “A Profile of the Working Poor, 2011.” April 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.bls.gov/cps/cpswp2011.pdf 

U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. “Household Data Annual Averages: 24. Unemployed Persons by Marital Status, Race, Hispanic or Latino Ethnicity, Age, and Sex.” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.bls.gov/cps/cpsaat24.pdf

U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. “Household Data Not Seasonally Adjusted: A-15. Employment Status of the Civilian Noninstitutional Population by Race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, sex, and age.” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cpseea15.pdf 

U. S. Census Bureau. “Historical Poverty Tables – People.” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/data/historical/people.html

U. S. Census Bureau. “How the Census Bureau Measures Poverty.” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/about/overview/measure.html

U. S. Census Bureau. “Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2012.” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.census.gov/prod/2013pubs/p60-245.pdf

U. S. Census Bureau. “Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2012 Presentation.” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.census.gov/newsroom/releases/pdf/2010_Report.pdf

U. S. Census Bureau. “People with Income Below Specified Ratios of Their Poverty Thresholds by Selected Characteristics: 2012.” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/data/incpovhlth/2012/table5.pdf  

U. S. Census Bureau. “Poverty Thresholds: Poverty Thresholds by Size of Family and Number of Children.” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/data/threshld/index.html 

U. S. Census Bureau. “The Research Supplemental Poverty Measure: 2012.” November 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.census.gov/prod/2013pubs/p60-247.pdf 

U. S. Department of Health and Human Services. “Mollie Orshansky: Her Career, Achievements, and Publications.” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.aspe.hhs.gov/poverty/orshansky/index.shtml 

U. S. Department of Agriculture. “Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: Average Monthly Benefit Per Person (Data as of December 6, 2013).” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.fns.usda.gov/pd/18SNAPavg$PP.htm

U. S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. “Affordable Housing.” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://portal.hud.gov/hudportal/HUD?src=/program_offices/comm_planning/affordablehousing/

U. S. Department of Labor. “Minimum Wage.” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.dol.gov/whd/minimumwage.htm

U. S. Department of Labor. “Wages: Tips.” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.dol.gov/dol/topic/wages/wagestips.htm

U. S. History.org. “59b. Reaganomics.” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.ushistory.org/us/59b.asp  

Washington Post. “Gingrich Says Obama is the ‘Food Stamp’ President, Is He?” January 18, 2012. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/wonkblog/post/gingrich-says-obama-is-the-food-stamp-president-is-he/2012/01/18/gIQA1Ino8P_blog.html

Wall Street Journal. “The Wall Street Journal/Hay Group Survey of CEO Compensation.” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424052702303610504577416861920881538 

Wall Street Journal/Hay Group. “The Scale Tips: Performance Incentives Take Over – 2012 CEO Compensation Study.” May, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.haygroup.com/downloads/us/WSJ%202012%20CEO%20Compensation%20Study.pdf

Weiser, Benjamin and Michael R. Gordon. “U.S. Prosecutor Defends Arrest of Indian Diplomat.” New York Times, December 18, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.nytimes.com/2013/12/19/world/asia/us-india-rage-arrested-diplomat.html?_r=0

Weissmann, Jordan. “This Chart Blows Up the Myth of the Welfare Queen.” The Atlantic, December 17, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2013/12/this-chart-blows-up-the-myth-of-the-welfare-queen/282452/ 

Wiseman, Paul. "Pay Gap Between 1 Percent and Everybody Else Reaches Widest Point Since 1920s (Chart)." September 10, 2013. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/09/10/pay-gap-between-1-percent_n_3900373.html  

Women’s Economic Security Campaign. “Child Care Matters: Building Economic Security for Low-Income Women.” September 2010. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.womensfundingnetwork.org/sites/wfnet.org/files/WESC/Improving-Access-to-Child-Care.pdf

WorkLife Law. “Poor, Pregnant, and Fired: Caregiver Discrimination Against Low-Wage Workers.” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://worklifelaw.org/pubs/PoorPregnantAndFired.pdf 

World Bank. “Choosing and Estimating a Poverty Line.” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTPOVERTY/EXTPA/0,,contentMDK:20242879~menuPK:435055~pagePK:148956~piPK:216618~theSitePK:430367,00.html  

World Bank. “Frequently Asked Questions.” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://iresearch.worldbank.org/PovcalNet/index.htm?0,6

Wright, Erik O. American Society: How It Really Works (2010). Accessed December 19, 2013. http://books.wwnorton.com/books/detail-contents.aspx?ID=17741

Wright, Erik O. and Joel Rogers. “American Society: How It Actually Works.” Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/~wright/ContemporaryAmericanSoicety.htm

Zweig, Michael. The Working Class Majority: America’s Best Kept Secret (2011). Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.stonybrook.edu/workingclass/publications/studyguide.shtml

 

1  2  3  4  5 6