Economic Security

Why the Farm Bill Needs a Gender Lens

On July 11th, the U.S. House of Representatives passed a version of the farm bill that eliminates all nutritional aid to hungry Americans in need, which is provided mainly through the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, or SNAP. Not since 1973 has Congress separated subsidies to farmers from individuals in need of food security.  At a moment when Congress is seeking substantial changes to SNAP, it is important to ask: Who exactly is affected by changes?

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Beware Those Who Blame Gender Pay Gap On Women's Choices


Confronting Contradictions: Exploring the Tensions of Women as Breadwinners

See: Confronting Contradictions: Exploring the Tensions of Women as Breadwinners

FromCenter for Gender in Organizations at Simmons School of Management

Date Published: March 2013


Over the past decade, U.S. women have increasingly taken up the “breadwinner” role in their homes. This shift hasbeen well documented across different groups of women.Today close to 40% of women with children, includingsingle working mothers, are either the sole breadwinner orbring home as much or more than their workingspouse/partner.

Confronting Contradictions: Exploring the Tensions of Women as Breadwinners


Policy in Action: New Jersey's Family Leave Insurance Program at Age Three

See: Policy in Action: New Jersey's Family Leave Insurance Program at Age Three

FromCenter for Women and Work at Rutgers University

Authors: Karen White, Linda Houser, and Elizabeth Nisbet

Date Published: January 2013


New Jersey took a strong step forward in May 2008, when Family Leave Insurance (FLI) was signed into law. The legislation provides eligible workers up to six weeks of partial wage replacement when they need to take time to bond with a new child or care for a seriously ill family member.

The Food Assistance Program: A Critical Safety Net for America’s Poor

A recent New York Times editorial states that under the Obama administration the homeless population has remained steady. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 which provided $840 billion as stimulus monies included a $1.5 billion program that providing housing, rental assistance and temporary aid to people who had suddenly become homeless. But the editorial also notes, while conditions might be improving for homeless individuals, things are bleak for families with children. The National Women’s Law Center reported findings that in 2010, over 40 percent of single-mother families were poor; African-American and Hispanic single-mothers families living in poverty were 48 percent and 50 percent respectively.

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Retirement Security: Older Women Remain at Risk

GAO-12-825T, Jul 25, 2012


What GAO Found

Over the last decade, working women’s access to and participation in employer-sponsored retirement plans have improved relative to men. In fact, from 1998 to 2009, women surpassed men in their likelihood of working for an employer that offered a pension plan—largely because the proportion of men covered by a plan declined. Furthermore, as employers have continued to terminate their defined benefit plans and switch to defined contribution plans, the proportion of women who worked for employers that offered a defined contribution plan increased. Women’s higher rates of pension coverage may be due to the fact that they are more likely to work in the public and nonprofit sectors and industries that offer coverage, such as health and education.

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