Re:Gender works to end gender inequity and discrimination against girls and women by exposing root causes and advancing research-informed action. Working with multiple sectors and disciplines, we are shaping a world that demands fairness across difference.
The 2011 HealthGrades Women’s Health in American Hospitals report evaluates the quality of
care for women at U.S. hospitals. The report analyzes inhospital complication and mortality rates among 16
of the most common diagnoses and procedures among women ages 65 and older, and identified
170 of the nation’s 5,000 hospitals that excelled in the treatment of women.
Key findings of the report include:
Compared to those treated at poor-performing hospitals, female patients at Women’s Health Excellence Award hospitals had a 40.56% lower risk-adjusted mortality across nine cardiac, pulmonary and vascular-based diagnoses and procedures and a 16.13% lower risk-adjusted rate of complications across five orthopedic procedures.
An additional 41,025 women over the age of 65 could have potentially survived their hospitalization and 8,558 could have avoided a major complication if all hospitals had performed at the level of HealthGrades Women’s Health Excellence Award recipient hospitals.
For treatment of heart attack in 2009, only one-third of women received a cardiac surgical intervention compared to almost half of men (33.5% and 45.6%, respectively).
Among heart attack patients receiving a cardiac intervention, such as coronary bypass surgery or angioplasty, women had a 30% higher death rate compared to men.
Women make up a higher percentage of admissions for hip fracture repair than men; this has remained unchanged from 2005 to 2009 (74% for women, 26% for men).
Norway is the world’s best place to be a mother, and eight of the 10 top-ranked countries are in Western Europe. The remaining two are in the southern hemisphere, with Australia ranking second and New Zealand eighth. This year, the United States ranks 31st of 43 developed countries, dropping three spots from last year’s rankings.
Meanwhile, eight of the world’s 10 worst countries to be a mother are in Sub-Saharan Africa.
The world’s toughest place to be a mother is Afghanistan, where two of every five children are malnourished and one in five will die before their fifth birthday. Afghan women have less than five years of schooling on average, and female life expectancy is only 45. Compare that to Norway, where one in 333 children die before age five and women typically complete 18 years of school and live to age 83.
According to a report from the Alliance for Board Diversity, women and minorities continue to be underrepresented in positions of power in American corporations.
“White men held 73 percent of board seats at Fortune 100 companies last year, up from 71 percent in 2004, according to the alliance, which advocates the inclusion of women and minorities on corporate boards. White women accounted for 15 percent in 2010, compared with 14 percent in 2004, while minorities made up 13 percent, down from 15 percent.
Citigroup, International Business Machines Corpt. (IBM) and Procter & Gamble Co. (PG were among just 15 companies in the Fortune 500 whose boards last year had representation from each of the U.S. Census Bureau’s major groups: men, women, Whites, African Americans, Asian Pacific Islanders and Hispanics, the alliance said.”
The Asian Development Bank and International Labour Organization report that, in Asia, women have suffered the economic downturn disproportionately. Female employees remain vulnerable to job loss, with casual laborers often the first to be fired.
Asia's women have suffered disproportionately in the economic downturn and remain vulnerable to job loss, with casual laborers the first to be fired and young women trailing men in employment opportunities, a report said Friday.
Women are often relegated to the status of secondary household earners, and their limited work opportunities are costing Asia-Pacific countries $47 billion annually in lost income, according to a study by the International Labor Organization and the Asian Development Bank.
The region stands to lose another $30 billion a year because of a gender gap in education at a crucial time when it is leading the global economic recovery from the 2008 financial crisis, the report said.
As regional economies rebound, conditions have improved for Asia's 734 million female workers but not enough to level the field in the labor market, the report said. Women were the hardest hit by the crisis because female casual workers, seen as a buffer work force, were often the first to lose their jobs.
Among other findings: -- Women comprise 70 to 90 percent of the workers in labor-intensive factories in export processing zones but are usually paid 10 to 30 percent less than men. -- Asian women also account for more than half of workers in health care, education, finance, hotels and restaurants, but generally do not hold senior managerial positions in any of those fields. -- Forty-five percent of Asian women of working age were inactive or outside the labor force, compared to 19 percent of Asian men.”
Asian Development Bank/International Labour Organization
A study done by researchers at Annenberg School for Communication and Journalism at the University of Southern California found that women play only approximately one-third of speaking roles in the top-grossing movies of 2008. Young women were also approximately six times more likely to appear wearing sexually revealing attire than young men.
“This study examined the gender of all speaking characters and behind-the-scenes employees on the 100 top-grossing fictional films in 2008. A total of 4,370 speaking characters were evaluated and 1,227 above-the-line personnel. In addition to prevalence, we assessed the hypersexualization of on screen characters across the 100 movies. Below are the study’s main findings.
32.8 percent of speaking characters were female. Put differently, a ratio of roughly 2 males to every one female was observed across the 100 top-grossing films. Though still grossly imbalanced given that females represent over half of the U.S. population, this is the highest percentage of females in film we have witnessed across multiple studies.
The presence of women working behind-the-camera is still abysmal. Only, 8% of directors, 13.6% of writers, and 19.1% of producers are female. This calculates to a ratio of 4.90 males to every one female. Films with female directors, writers, and producers were associated with a higher number of girls and women on screen than were films with only males in these gate-keeping positions. To illustrate, the percentage of female characters jumps 14.3% when one or more female screenwriters were involved in penning the script.
Females continue to be hypersexualized in film, particularly 13- to 20-year old girls. A substantially higher percentage of young females, in comparison to young males, are shown wearing sexually revealing attire (39.8% vs. 6.7%), partially naked (30.1% vs. 10.3%), with a small waist (35.1% vs. 13.6%), and physically attractive (29.2% vs. 11.1%). No gender differences emerged for chest size or ideal body shape for teenaged speaking characters.”
Ing Direct and Dailyworth.com conducted a survey that reveals that many women know very little about their own retirement plans.
From PR Newswire Press Release:
Nearly eight in ten (78 percent) women say they lack financial savvy (or they are still learning) about retirement planning. Given this, more than one in three married women admit they hand over the reins for their retirement planning to their spouse or significant other. Still a quarter of women (23 percent) acknowledge that they should pay more attention to retirement planning.
To help determine why some women lack readiness in their retirement planning, the survey revealed that:
Nearly 30 percent have no idea what their main source of retirement income will be.
40 percent of women don't know what kind of retirement lifestyle they want.
49 percent wish they knew more about the basics of investing, including picking the right stocks or funds, and portfolio and risk management.
37 percent of women blame a lack of time, complicated Wall Street jargon and trouble with their everyday expenses as hurdles that prevent them from being investing savvy.
Association for Psychological Science: A new study published in Psychological Science tested the assumption that women are less willing to take risks than men. The research showed that when negative stereotypes about women (and positive stereotypes about men) were present, that people tended to stick to the behaviors dictated by the stereotypes--for example, women were more cautious and men took more risks.
"Anecdotally, many people believe that women are more risk averse and loss averse than men—that women make safer and more cautious financial decisions. And some research has supported this, suggesting that the gender differences may be biologically rooted or evolutionarily programmed.
But Priyanka B. Carr of Stanford University and Claude M. Steele of Columbia University thought that these differences might be the result of negative stereotypes—stereotypes about women being irrational and illogical. So they designed experiments to study how women make financial decisions, when faced with negative stereotypes and when not. Past research has shown that being faced with negative stereotypes about one's group can hamper intellectual performance, and Carr and Steele reasoned it could also affect financial decision making.
When the negative stereotype about women was not hinted at, there were no gender differences in financial decision making. Both men and women were moderately risk averse and loss averse. But when the negative stereotype was brought up, gender differences emerged.
Women made more cautious financial decisions: They were more likely to forgo lucrative opportunities so they could avoid risks and losses. Interestingly, when negative stereotypes about women (and therefore positive stereotypes about men) were relevant, men became more risk seeking. The stereotypical cues encouraged behavior that stuck to the stereotype. This suggests that earlier findings and anecdotes about differences in decision making between the sexes may actually be the result of gender stereotypes (and not the basis for them).
Reducing and removing negative stereotypes about women can leave both men and women free to make decisions they think are best. She says, 'Our argument is that people's decision making and financial choices should not be burdened by stereotypes being placed on them.'"
CNN: This year is the first election year since 1979 that women have not increased their numbers in Congress. The Rutgers University Center for American Women and Politics shows that there has been no significant growth and that women make up only 17% of elected officials in Congress.
"In fact, this election year will mark the first time in nearly three decades that women have not increased their ranks in Congress. There are currently 73 women in the House and 17 women in the Senate.
It's not that women didn't try this year. Walsh's research shows a record-breaking 262 women ran in primaries for the House, well more than the high-water mark of 222 in 1992, the so-called 'Year of the Woman.' But many female candidates didn't make it to the general election.
Walsh said she will be doing more research to try to figure out why so many women ran for office this year, yet so many lost. Whether it was simply a matter of how competitive their races were or where they sat on the political spectrum or perhaps if any gender bias was a factor are all questions being explored.
Whatever the reason, Jennifer Lawless with the Women and Politics Institute at American University said the United States ranks 90th in the world when it comes to the number of women in national legislatures. Part of the reason is because many other countries have quotas to ensure a significant number of women are serving.
Women's Media Center: Rush Limbaugh. Glenn Beck. Sean Hannity. Bill O’Reilly. Not only are these individuals some of the most influential conservative pundits, they are also the most highly paid media figures in modern history. Newsweek’s writers, who compiled a list of the 50 highest paid media personalities, report that Limbaugh rakes in $58.7 million per year, Beck earns $33 million, and Hannity and O’Reilly follow up with incomes in the 20s. As the writers point out, the most highly paid media figures are also the most influential ones, and, interestingly, these figures are overwhelmingly conservative. In fact, only 7 out of the top 25 pundits were progressive.
These individuals are overwhelmingly male as well. Out of the top 50 pundits on the list, only nine are women, and only one woman—Sarah Palin—graces the top 10 portion of the list. Rachel Maddow, #32, is the only queer woman on the list and Condoleeza Rice, #36, represents the only woman of color on the list. Sarah Palin earned $14 million this year, while the rest of the women on the list made less than $10 million. While any salary in the millions is a significant chunk of change, it’s important to wonder why women in the media are earning significantly less than their male counterparts.
Ms.: After four years, the U.N. has created a new office to be called the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women), which will begin operating officially in January 2011. UN Women consolidates four formerly separate entities within the UN that work for the advancement of women. The new organization will have two charges: the first is to assist intergovernmental bodies in forming policies and global standards and the other is to help Member States uphold the standards set by these bodies, along with providing the support to do so.
"The UN voted unanimously Friday to create a new office on women to be called the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women), which will begin operating officially in January 2011. UN Women consolidates four formerly separate entities within the UN that work for the advancement of women: the Division for the Advancement of Women (DAW), the International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women (INSTRAW), the Office of the Special Adviser on Gender Issues and Advancement of Women (OSAGI), and the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM).
Negotiations to form the entity have gone on for four years because of differing opinions between some developed and developing countries, according to the BBC. "