Re:Gender works to end gender inequity and discrimination against girls and women by exposing root causes and advancing research-informed action. Working with multiple sectors and disciplines, we are shaping a world that demands fairness across difference.
Reuters: Chechen women continue to be targeted for not wearing headscarves. Some women have been punched, or terrorized by men wielding automatic rifles.
"Many women in Russia's volatile Chechnya region said on Friday they had been harassed and some physically harmed by bands of men for not wearing headscarves during the Muslim fasting month of Ramadan.
Against the backdrop of a spreading Islamist insurgency, many fear that growing interest in radical Islam could fuel separatism in the volatile North Caucasus, where the Kremlin watches uneasily as sharia law eclipses Russian.
Residents and witnesses told Reuters that bearded men in traditional Islamic dress have been roaming the streets both on foot and in cars since Ramadan started on Aug. 11, demanding bare-headed women wear a headscarf.
The men's action follows a radical order earlier this week from Chechnya's spiritual leader to shut all cafes during the month of Ramadan as well as paintball attacks on bareheaded women in June."
New York Times: Over 600 women were raped in September and October along the Congo/Angola border. United Nations officials mistakenly gave an earlier count of 30 women. The women were raped during an expulsion of immigrants from Angola. It is not clear at this time on what side of the border the women were raped, but officials are worried that rape is becoming commonplace and endemic.
"More than 600 women and girls were recently raped along the Congo-Angola border during a mass expulsion of illegal immigrants, according to the United Nations. Many of the victims said they were locked in dungeon-like conditions for several weeks while they were raped repeatedly by security forces.
Maurizio Giuliano, a United Nations spokesman in the Democratic Republic of Congo, said Friday that it was unclear on which side of the Congo-Angola border the women had been attacked, and that the United Nations was calling on both countries to investigate promptly.
'What worries us is that rape seems to be becoming endemic in several parts of Congo,” Mr. Giuliano said, also referring to recent rapes in the eastern Kivu provinces. “We fear it’s becoming part of the routine.'
United Nations officials call Congo the worst place in the world for sexual violence, and even the longstanding presence of internationalpeacekeepers has not been able to stop it. According to United Nations officials, the women along the border were raped in September and October at several locations during an expulsion of more than 6,000 illegal Congolese and other immigrants from Angola."
UN: A United Nations investigation is taking place, following up on reports of countless numbers of rapes when people were expelled from Angola and forced to return to the Democratic Republic of Congo.
"A senior United Nations official has urged the national authorities in Angola and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) to investigate reports that women were raped when large numbers of people were expelled from Angola and forced to return to the DRC recently.
'I call upon the authorities of both countries to investigate these allegations and to proceed in compliance with relevant legislation,' said Margot Wallström, the Secretary-General's Special Representative for Sexual Violence in Conflict, in a statement issued yesterday. 'I expect the authorities of Angola and the DRC to respect human rights and to do everything in their power to prevent abuses of all kinds during any further expulsions,' she said.
She said that although it was not clear where the alleged rapes took place and who the perpetrators were, it is of utmost importance that the allegations of abuse be followed up immediately and those found responsible brought to justice by the national authorities of the countries concerned."
WeNews: Rape in the Congo is increasingly being used as a weapon of war. In response, the U.N. is launching a new sexual violence training program for peacekeepers in order to prevent future attacks.
"Margot Wallstrom, the U.N. special representative on sexual violence in conflict, returned last week from the scene of a recent mass rape attack in the Democratic Republic of Congo sounding resolved to change the way U.N. peacekeepers are trained.
Following the attacks, U.N. authorities have faulted peacekeepers for not investigating warning signs, such as village roadways that perpetrators had blocked off to entrap the victims and prevent peacekeepers from reaching them. To avoid repeating such errors, Wallstrom said in a recent interview that next year the U.N. will start providing something called scenario-based training on sexual violence for U.N. peacekeepers.
The practice, now being developed, is designed to prepare thousands of peacekeepers in police units for the increasing use of sexual violence as a tactic of war. The peacekeepers will participate in full-fledged role playing, responding to actors playing the part of victims of sexual or gender-based violence."
WeNews: Human rights groups in India have called for the end of the so-called "two-finger" rape test, citing that the test is physically invasive and uses a victim's previous sexual experience against her.
"In late September a lower court in New Delhi ruled that a rape test decried by Human Rights Watch earlier that month was obsolete and should be stopped. The court also directed the government to take "appropriate action," but Aruna Kashyap, a women's rights researcher at Human Rights Watch, says she's seen nothing yet.
The two-finger rape test involves a doctor inserting fingers in a rape victim's vagina to determine its "laxity" and decide if she is "habituated to sex." Defense lawyers often use this evidence to discredit the testimony of unmarried rape victims, who are dismissed as "loose women.""
NY Times: Although gays and lesbians have more freedom in India than they used to, lesbians in India still face more discrimination due to the social pressure faced by Indian women to get married and to bear children. Those who are brave enough to come out risk being disinherited, forced into marriage, or killed. As women they have considerably less control over their lives than their male counterparts.
"Gays and lesbians in India seem to have more freedom than just a decade ago. But, says Lesley Esteves, a writer and journalist in Delhi, Indian lesbians face very different challenges than gay men do. As women they have considerably less control over their lives than their male counterparts. “The problems lesbians face are also the problems women in general face in India,” Ms. Esteves said. “Economic disempowerment and economic inequality are at the root of it.”
These issues may be common to many Indian women, but Ms. Esteves said they were amplified for lesbians. A woman who reveals that she is a lesbian risks disinheritance. And in parts of the country where women must have permission from their families to work outside the home, the option of moving out to live one’s own life does not exist."
WeNews: Many Iraqi women who have fled to Syria to escape the U.S.-led war often face being sold into brothels by male relatives desperate for money.
"Um Ali is one of over a million refugees who have sought shelter in Syria since U.S. troops entered Iraq in 2003. She left with her husband and children during a wave of militia violence against Iraqis working--"collaborating"--with Americans in 2006.
Some girls and women among these refugees face being sex trafficked by people within their own families. No statistics or studies are available on this specific problem, but there are plenty of stories of men in a pinch treating female relatives as young as 13 as commodities for sex and marriage markets. Dodging such threats is particularly hard for women when they come from inside the family. Women who run away risk being branded prostitutes and subject to death at the hands of "dishonored" male kin. Marrying young and depending on men all their lives, they struggle to cope without a male provider and protector in Syria."
NY Times: Romania has been the center of trade in young girls for decades, and Iana Matei runs one of the only shelters in Romania for victims of sexual trafficking.
"The 15-year-old had been “trained” in prostitution in a nightclub in the southern Romanian city of Calarasi. Now, the sex traffickers were getting ready to sell her off to a Turkish brothel for $2,800.
Iana Matei, Romania's leading advocate for the victims of trafficking, had made contact with the girl and offered to wait outside the nightclub in her car, ready to take the teenager away if she could get out on the street for a cigarette break. But the girl had tried to escape before, and had been beaten severely. Ms. Matei was not sure she would have the courage to try again.
Then she appeared, bolting for the car and scrambling into the back seat. For more than 10 years, Ms. Matei, a psychologist by training, has been pulling young women out of the hands of traffickers, sometimes by staging “kidnappings,” sometimes just by offering them a place to stay, heal and rebuild their lives."
BBC: The first lady of the Democratic Republic of Congo led a march of thousands of women to protest the sexual violence and rape that have taken place over the past 4 months.
"The Democratic Republic of Congo's first lady has led thousands of women on a march against sexual violence.Olive Lembe Kabila headed the rally in the town of Bukavu in the east of the country, where Congolese and foreign armed groups have operated for years.
The demonstration led by Mrs Lembe Kabila saw thousands of women walk through the streets of Bukavu, the capital of South Kivu province."
WeNews: The U.N.'s special representative on sexual violence in conflict is currently in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to identify perpetrators who raped hundreds of women two months ago. At the same time, a women's activist from the DRC visited the U.S. to encourage a strategy of fighting the rebel activity which causes the mass war rapes.
"Margot Wallstrom, the U.N.'s special representative on sexual violence in conflict, flew to the Democratic Republic of Congo on Tuesday for a weeklong visit to a region where women suffered mass rape attacks two months ago. The same day, Justine Masika Bihamba, a leading Congolese anti-rape activist, toured New York and U.N. offices with a plan for preventing rapes in her war-torn country.
The two criss-crossed in more ways than who was going to and coming from the Democratic Republic of Congo.
On the eve of Wallstrom's visit to meet with several hundred women who were raped between the July 30 and Aug. 3 attacks, she told a press gathering "we still have a window of opportunity to apprehend perpetrators." She spoke on Monday following a U.N. Human Rights Council hearing in Geneva.
But Bihamba, the visiting Congolese activist, doesn't think focusing on apprehending perpetrators will go far enough to prevent the problem.
'Wallstrom seems very committed, but the problem is that she deals more with the consequences of rape than with the causes,' said Bihamba, founder of the Synergy of Women for the Victims of Sexual Violence, a coalition of 34 women's organizations in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo."