Clayman Institute for Gender Research

Founded in 1974, the Michelle R. Clayman Institute for Gender Research at Stanford University creates knowledge and seeks to implement change to promote gender equality. Our current focus is Moving Beyond the Stalled Gender Revolution. We are bringing together an intellectually diverse group of scholars to provide new insights into the barriers to women's advancement and to propose novel and workable solutions to advancing gender equality.


589 Capistrano Way
Stanford, CA 94305-8640
Ph. (650) 723-1994
Fx. (650) 725-0374


Principal Staff

Lori Nishiura Mackenzie, Executive Director
PH. (650) 723-1994

Shelley J. Correll, Director, Clayman Institute
Ph. (650) 723-1994

Ann Enthoven, Program Manager

Andrea Rees Davies, Director of Programs and Research

Wendy Skidmore, Program Associate

Marion Groh Marquardt, Web Specialist

Featured Events


Projects & Campaigns

Ms. at 40 and the Future of Feminism

Celebrate the 40th anniversary of Ms. magazine in January 2012 at Stanford University. A keynote speech by Ms. founding editor, Gloria Steinem, will be the centerpiece of a Winter Quarter series of events that looks back on what Ms. has meant to its readers over the last 40 years and that looks ahead to what feminism may mean for the next generation.  
According to national studies, women hold more than half of all professional occupations in the U.S. but fewer than 24 percent of all computing-related occupations, representing a huge pool of untapped talent. The numbers are not moving in favor of increasing women's participation in technology; in 2008 women earned only 18 percent of all computer science degrees. Back in 1985, women earned 37 percent of CS degrees, nearly double today's share.

The Clayman Institute for Gender Research conducted two studies looking at the participation of women in technology and offering new ideas and solutions for increasing the role women play in the development and use of technology.
The lectures will take place in Winter Quarter at Stanford University. Lecturers will be selected competitively. Nominations by must include a description of the contribution of the nominee to advancing gender equality. Special emphasis will be placed on inviting women of color, women who reach across traditional disciplinary boundaries, and women who play a public role in advancing gender equality. Nominations are accepted on a rolling basis as lecture slots are still available. Nominators are encouraged to contact the Clayman Institute [email] to discuss potential nominees and nomination requirements prior to submitting a nomination.
The Clayman Institute will provide publicity and will cover the costs of travel, a small honorarium, and networking events and meals.
"Art at the Institute" exhibits artists, female and male, whose work critically engages with contemporary discourses around gender. Work seen at Serra House ranges from paintings to photography, computer manipulated images, weaving, prints, and mixed media, and illustrates artists' rich use of imagery, form, political perspectives, and grrrl attitude. The program will highlight the ways contemporary art takes part in the ongoing dialogues surrounding gender. 
The Clayman Institute supports efforts that translate our research and programs into actions for change. We have posted videos, discussion guides, and other ways to keep the conversation going. Sometimes, research is the first stop on the way to change.


Reports & Resources

Meeting the needs and expectations of dual-career academic couples - while still ensuring the high quality of university faculty - is one of the great challenges facing universities. Academic couples (those with both partners working in an academic environment) represent a deep pool of talent. Yet, dual-career academic hiring often remains difficult and controversial. The Clayman Institute's 2008 study, Dual-Career Academic Couples: What Universities Need to Know, surveyed 30,000 faculty at 13 of the nation's leading public and private research universities. The report reviews practices, policies and programs for administrators to successfully work with the hiring and retaining of dual-career academic couples. Our pages contain resources for academic institutions and dual-career couples alike.


Yalom, Marilyn & Carstensen, Laura (eds). Inside the American Couple. ( Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2002>

Difficult Dialogues Program - Institute for Research on Women and Gender. Aging in the 21st Century consensus report. ( Stanford, CA: Stanford University, 2002)

Economic and social status of women

Clayman Institute. 2008. Climbing The Tech Ladder; Obstacles and Solutions for Mid-Level Women in Information Technology. Written by A. Henderson, C. Simard, S. Gilmartin, L. Schiebinger, and T. Whitney.

Strober, Myra and Agnes Miling Keneko Chan. The Road Winds Uphill All the Way: Gender, Work, and Family in the United States and Japan. (Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1999)


Clayman Institute. 2008. Dual-Career Academic Couples: What Universities Need To Know. Written by L. Schiebinger, A. Henderson, and S. Gilmartin.

Yalom, Marilyn. A History of the Wife. ( New York, NY: HarperCollins Publishers Inc., 2001)

Yalom, Marilyn and Thorne, Barrie (eds). Rethinking the Family. (Albany, NY: State University New York Press, 1990)

Feminist Thought and Scholarship

Rhode, Deborah L. Speaking of Sex: The Denial of Gender Inequality. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1997)

Rhode, Deborah L. Theoretical Perspectives on Sexual Difference. (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1990)

Boxer, Marilyn Jacoby. When Women Ask the Questions: Creating Women's Studies in America. (Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998)

Freedman, Estelle. No Turning Back. ( Westminster, MD: Ballantine Books, 2002)

Global Issues

Walker-Moffat, Wendy. The Other Side of the Asian American Success Story. (San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Publishers, 1995)

Mahadevi Varma. Translated by Neera Kuckerja Sohoni. Sketches from My Past: Encounters with India's Oppressed. (Boston, MA: Northeastern University Press, 1997)

Mankekar, Purnima. Screening Culture, Viewing Politics: Television, Womanhood and Nation in Modern India. ( Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2000)

Zheng, Wang. Women in the Chinese Enlightenment: Oral and Textual Histories. (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, Berkeley, 1999)

Health and Health Care

Litt, Iris. Taking Our Pulse: The Health of America's Women. (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1997)


Freedman, Estelle. Maternal Justice: Miriam Van Waters and the Female Reform Tradition. (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1996)

Gelles, Edith. First Thoughts: Life and Letters of Abigail Adams. (New York, NY: Twayne Publishers, 1998)

Gelles, Edith. Portia: The World of Abigail Adams. (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1992)

McCurry, Stephanie. Masters of Small Worlds: Yeoman Households, Gender Relations and the Political Culture of Antebellum South Carolina Low Country. (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1995)

Offen, Karen. European Feminisms, 1700-1950: A Political History. ( Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2000)

Schiebinger, Londa. Plants and Empire: Colonial Bioprospecting in the Atlantic World ( Harvard University Press, 2004)
Yalom, Marilyn. A History of the Breast. (New York, NY: Knopf, 1997)


Schiebinger, L., (ed.). 2008. Gendered Innovations in Science and Engineering. Stanford University Press, 2008 was published on March 12, 2008.  

Schiebinger, Londa. Nature's Body: Gender in the Making of Modern Science (Beacon Press, 1993; Rutgers University Press, 2004)

Schiebinger, Londa. Has Feminism Changed Science? (Harvard University Press, 1999)

Schiebinger, Londa. The Mind Has No Sex? Women in the Origins of Modern Science (Harvard University Press, 1989)


Lewin, Ellen. Inventing Lesbian Cultures in America. (Boston, MA: Beacon Press, 1996)

Mintz, Beth & Rothblum, Esther (eds). Lesbians in Academia: Degrees of Freedom. (New York, NY: Routledge, 1997)


Center News

Shelley J. Correll to lead Stanford’s Clayman Institute for Gender Research
Tuesday, October 12, 2010 - 11:46am

Shelley J. Correll, Associate Professor of Sociology, has been appointed as the Barbara D. Finberg Director of the Michelle R. Clayman Institute for Gender Research, Stanford University. Correll brings research expertise, leadership experience, and passion for change to the Institute. Click here to read the full announcement.

Art Exhibition Featuring Heike Liss: "Home is When I Belong"
Thursday, July 29, 2010 - 11:45am

"Home is When I Belong" is an exhibition that brings together photographs from two series of works by Heike Liss, a German born artist who spends her time living, working, and traveling in California and Europe with her husband and children.

Date and Time: Tue 6/22/2010 10:00 AM ~ Fri 10/15/2010 4:00 PM
Location: The Clayman Institute - Serra House - 589 Capistrano Way (near Mayfield Avenue and Lomita Drive)Stanford, CA
For more information, click here 

Art Exhibition Featuring Heike Liss: "Home is When I Belong"
Thursday, July 29, 2010 - 11:30am

"Home is When I Belong" is an exhibition that brings together photographs from two series of works by Heike Liss, a German born artist who spends her time living, working, and traveling in California and Europe with her husband and children.

 Date and Time: Tue 6/22/2010 10:00 AM ~ Fri 10/15/2010 4:00 PM
Location: The Clayman Institute - Serra House - 589 Capistrano Way (near Mayfield Avenue and Lomita Drive)Stanford, CA
For more information, click here 

Why Are There So Few Women in Science and Engineering? How Gender Stereotypes Influence Emerging Career Aspirations
Thursday, June 17, 2010 - 3:01pm

Classes Without Quizzes (CWOQs) is a unique academic highlight of Reunion Homecoming Weekend. Get back into the classroom with thought-provoking seminars and exploratory walking tours; bring your kids along to share the Stanford experience.
Join Professor Shelley Correll for this amazing class.

Date and Time: Thu 10/21/2010 3:30 -- 4:30 PM
Read more here.

Stanford Researcher Urges Universities, Businesses to Offer Benefit To Pay For Housework
Thursday, January 28, 2010 - 3:30pm

by Adam Gorlick on 01/19/10

Originally posted in the Stanford Report January 19, 2010

Professor Londa SchiebingerLonda Schiebinger’s study shows academic scientists spend about 19 hours a week on basic household chores. If universities offered a benefit to pay someone else to do that work, scientists would have more time to spend on the jobs they’re trained for, she says.

Cooking. Cleaning. Laundry. Not only are they chores most people would rather avoid, they’re also enormous time drains.

Whether you realize it or not, all that nagging housework can be eating into your job productivity and getting in the way of you getting ahead in your career – especially if you’re a woman, says Londa Schiebinger, director of Stanford’s Clayman Institute for Gender Research.

So here’s her answer to that problem: Employers should offer benefits to help pay for someone to do your housework. Less time dusting and ironing means more time devoted to the job you’re actually paid for.

“We’re trying to get people more support in the household to lead to a better work-life balance,” Schiebinger said.

In a paper published in the Jan. 19 issue of Academe, Schiebinger and co-author Shannon Gilmartin, a Clayman Institute research consultant, say scientists at 13 leading U.S. research universities spend an average of 19 hours a week doing basic housework like cooking, cleaning and laundry. And women do much more of the work than men, 54 percent to 28 percent.

The findings, culled from a survey of 1,200 tenured and tenure-track faculty in the natural sciences, are a spinoff from a study released in 2008 addressing the issues universities face in hiring dual-career academic couples.

Housework as academic issue

“We argue that work done in the home is very much an academic issue – not peripheral in any way to scientists’ professional lives,” Schiebinger and Gilmartin write in their paper. “Understanding how housework relates to women’s careers is one new piece in the puzzle of how to attract more women to science.”

Schiebinger says the amount of time female scientists devote to their jobs – about 60 hours a week – combined with their disproportionate share of housework and childcare – make young women think twice before going into the field.

And those who are successful usually pay someone else to do at least some of their housework. Schiebinger’s study shows that despite their lower salaries, female assistant professors outsource as much housework as male full professors.

Creating a benefit to help offset cleaning costs would also help professionalize housework, a job that Schiebinger calls “invisible labor that isn’t counted in the gross domestic product.”

Outsourcing more of that work will create stronger, better paid jobs for professional housecleaners, much in the same way that childcare has been professionalized, she said.

While the study is focused on improving the work-life balance of female scientists working at universities, Schiebinger says housework benefits should become a standard perk for men and women in all professions.

She says employers need to think of housework benefits as “part of the structural cost of doing business,” with the payoff being more productive employees able to spend more time in the lab, for instance, than doing household chores.

Poor use of resources

Professor Londa Schiebinger presenting Gendered Innovations in Berlin

Professor Londa Schiebinger presenting Gendered Innovations in Berlin

“It doesn’t seem like a good use of resources to be training people in science and then having them do laundry,” Schiebinger said in reference to Carol Greider of Johns Hopkins University, who was doing laundry when she got the call in October that she won the Nobel Prize in medicine.

Stanford offers faculty and staff a variety of benefits to help pay for health insurance, retirement plans, childcare, housing and college tuition. And workshops are held for junior faculty on how to balance their careers and their lives outside of work.

While Schiebinger’s paper sheds more light on the demands faced by faculty, the university is not likely to implement her recommendations anytime soon, said Patricia Jones, vice provost for faculty development and diversity.

“The current challenge is that with universities under the financial pressures that they now have, this is a difficult time to add new benefits to what Stanford already provides,” said Jones, who is also a biology professor and has relied on hired help to do housework throughout her career.

And when more money is available, university officials will have to discuss whether they should increase salaries or benefits, she said.

Schiebinger recognizes the difficulty universities and businesses would have in offering housework benefits right now. But just as healthcare, childcare and retirement benefits have worked their way into employee compensation packages, the idea of helping pay for household labor needs to be seriously considered to attract the best employees, she said.

“I wouldn’t imagine that in a downturn you would start offering something like this,” she said. “But this is thinking for the long term. If you ask what the United States workplace will look like in the next 20 years, benefits for housework should be part of the picture.”


Opportunities, Grants & Fellowships

Postdoctoral Research Fellowships

The Clayman Institute offers a two-year postdoctoral fellowship that focus on the Institute's theme, "Beyond the Stalled Revolution: Reinvigorating Gender Equality in the Twenty-first Century." Recent Ph.D.'s in all disciplines of the humanities and social sciences whose research focuses on gender are eligible. We encourage scholars with a strong interest in interdisciplinary methods to apply. While in residence at the Institute, Postdoctoral Scholars are expected to participate in Clayman Institute activities throughout the academic year in addition to pursuing their own research.

Graduate Dissertation Fellowships

The Clayman Institute’s Graduate Dissertation Fellowships (GDF) are awarded to outstanding Stanford doctoral students who are engaged in research on women and/or gender. The fellowships will provide financial support for top gender scholars as they complete their dissertations, while encouraging interdisciplinary connections for their research. Clayman GDFs will have offices at the Clayman Institute, where they will participate in the intellectual life of the Clayman Institute as well as take part in professional development workshops during the academic year.  GDFs will be contributing to the writing and research efforts of the Clayman Institute. Fellowship funding is for three quarters: two quarters of research assistantship and one quarter teaching assistantship. In addition to the stipend, GDFs will receive $1,000 in research funding.

Marilyn Yalom Research Fund

The Marilyn Yalom Research Fund supports currently enrolled Stanford Ph.D. candidates working in the humanities on issues concerning women and gender in the humanities.  The research funds support original research or conference costs. Dr. Yalom has been part of the Clayman Institute since 1978, having served as both Associate Director and Acting Director. She is currently a Senior Scholar, and is well known as an internationally acclaimed historian of women's and gender issues.

Majorie Lozoff Graduate Prize

The Marjorie Lozoff Prize is awarded annually by the Marjorie Lozoff Fund for Research on Women and Gender to promote scholarship in areas that further women's development. All currently registered Stanford University graduate students, in any academic or professional discipline, are eligible. The range of research topics include, but are not limited to: men and women's role within the family; the role of women and gender in science, medicine, and engineering; women's participation in the professions and other areas of work; women as entrepreneurs; women and gender in developing societies; women and gender cross-culturally. Preference will be given to original research on current social issues.

Myra Strober Prize

The Myra Strober Prize honors the best Gender News article written by a Stanford graduate or undergraduate student.  The $1,500 annual prize highlights news articles about women’s education, work, family, or the nexus of work and family.