Employment & Unemployment

Women continue to lag behind men in earnings and wages. The underlying reasons for these continuing disparities are cultural, social and economic. While unemployment rates for women have declined less for women than for men during the recent economic downturn, women are still apt to have lower-paying jobs, with fewer benefits, and more part-time and interrupted careers. As the jobless rate for men rises, women are increasingly becoming primary breadwinners for their families, often without increased access to child care, elder care and help with domestic chores and other key supports.

The Gender Wage Gap by Occupation

 Women’s median earnings are lower than men’s in nearly all occupations, whether they work in occupations predominantly done by women, occupations predominantly done by men, or occupations with a more even mix of men and women.

by Ariane Hegewisch, Claudia Williams, Vanessa Harbin (April 2012)

URL: 
http://www.iwpr.org/publications/pubs/the-gender-wage-gap-by-occupation-1

The Wage Gap State by State: 2012 Fact Sheets

State by state factsheets from the National Women's Law Center.

At the time of the Equal Pay Act's passage in 1963, women working full time, year-round were paid merely 59 cents for every dollar paid to their male counterparts. Enforcement of the Equal Pay Act and related civil rights laws has helped to narrow the wage gap, but significant disparities remain and must be addressed.

URL: 
http://www.nwlc.org/resource/wage-gap-state-state-2012-fact-sheets
Member Organization: 

Job Growth Slows for Women and Men in March

According to IWPR analysis of the April employment report from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, job growth slowed in March with 120,000 jobs added to nonfarm payrolls. In March women gained 38,000 jobs (about one-third of all jobs added) and men gained 82,000. Women’s employment growth was aided by strong growth in health care (26,000 jobs added overall) and food service and drinking places (36,900 jobs added overall). The gap between women’s and men’s employment in March is 1.9 million.

The unemployment rates remained largely steady from February to March, declining for women aged 16 and older (to 8.1 percent from 8.2 percent), and unchanged for men (8.3 percent). As of March 12.7 million workers remain unemployed.

(April 2012)

URL: 
http://www.iwpr.org/publications/pubs/job-growth-slows-for-women-and-men-in-march

Simple Truth About the Pay Gap (2012)

Equal pay is important for women's economic well-being and that of their families. When men and women are paid differently for comparable work, women have fewer resources to support themselves and their families, to invest in additional education for themselves and their children, and to provide for retirement.

URL: 
http://www.aauw.org/learn/research/simpleTruth.cfm

Volunteering in the United States, 2011

The volunteer rate rose by 0.5 percentage point to 26.8 percent for the year ending in September 2011, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. About 64.3 million people volunteered through or for an organization at least once between September 2010 and September 2011. The increase in the volunteer rate in 2011 followed a decline of equal size in 2010.

These data on volunteering were collected through a supplement to the September 2011 Current Population Survey (CPS). The supplement was sponsored by the Corporation for National and Community Service. The CPS is a monthly survey of about 60,000 households that obtains information on employment and unemployment among the nation's civilian noninstitutional population age 16 and over. Volunteers are defined as persons who did unpaid work (except for expenses)
through or for an organization. For more information about the volunteer supplement, see the Technical Note.

Volunteering Among Demographic Groups

URL: 
http://www.bls.gov/news.release/volun.nr0.htm
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