Employment & Unemployment

Women continue to lag behind men in earnings and wages. The underlying reasons for these continuing disparities are cultural, social and economic. While unemployment rates for women have declined less for women than for men during the recent economic downturn, women are still apt to have lower-paying jobs, with fewer benefits, and more part-time and interrupted careers. As the jobless rate for men rises, women are increasingly becoming primary breadwinners for their families, often without increased access to child care, elder care and help with domestic chores and other key supports.

Fact Sheet: Empowering Women in Agriculture

 Rural women around the world play a key role in supporting their households and communities in achieving food and nutrition security, generating income, growing small businesses, and overall well-being. They contribute to agriculture and fuel local and global economies. As such, women are active players in achieving the Millennium Development Goals.

Yet every day, rural women and girls face persistent structural constraints that prevent them from fully enjoying their human rights, and hamper their efforts to improve their lives and the lives of those around them.

From Bread for the World

URL: 
http://www.bread.org/what-we-do/resources/fact-sheets/empowering-women-in-agriculture.pdf

Allstate - National Journal Heartland Monitor XII: Gender

 The twelfth installment of the Allstate/National Journal Heartland Monitor polling series focused specifically on the different experiences and economic expectations of men and women in the changing economy. This survey catalogues experiences of men and women in their home, family, and professional life, and gathers perspectives on the idea of opportunity in society and the workplace in the present day and how opportunity has and will change across generations. The survey also measures Americans' opinions about the changing gender profile of the country's workforce and what factors contribute to the continuing wage gap.

March 2012

URL: 
http://www.allstate.com/heartland-monitor/gender-h12.aspx

World Development Report 2012: Gender Equality and Development

 The 2012 World Development Report on Gender Equality and Development finds that women's lives around the world have improved dramatically, but gaps remain in many areas. The authors use a conceptual framework to examine progress to date, and then recommend policy actions.

URL: 
http://go.worldbank.org/CQCTMSFI40

Continued Job Growth for Women and Men in February

 According to IWPR analysis of the March employment report from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics,job growth improved in February with 227,000 jobs added to nonfarm payrolls. In February women gained 86,000 jobs (almost 40 percent, above their share for the past year) and men gained 141,000. The gap between women’s and men’s employment in February is 1.9 million.

The unemployment rates remained largely steady from January to February declining for women aged 16 and older (to 8.2 percent from 8.3 percent) and unchanged for men (8.3 percent). Women’s employment growth was aided by strong growth in health care (49,000 jobs added overall) and food service and drinking places (40,800 jobs added overall).

URL: 
http://www.iwpr.org/publications/pubs/continued-job-growth-for-women-and-men-in-february
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